Climate change and global food systems: Potential impacts on food security and undernutrition


Great progress has been made in addressing global undernutrition over the past several decades, in part because of large increases in food production from agricultural expansion and intensification. Food systems, however, face continued increases in demand and growing environmental pressures. Most prominently, human-caused climate change will influence the quality and quantity of food we produce and our ability to distribute it equitably. Our capacity to ensure food security and nutritional adequacy in the face of rapidly changing biophysical conditions will be a major determinant of the next cen-tury's global burden of disease. In this article, we review the main pathways by which climate change may affect our food production systems—agriculture, fisheries, and livestock—as well as the socioeconomic forces that may influence equitable distribution.

Publication Type
Journal Article
Samuel S. Myers
Matthew R. Smith
Sarah Guth
Christopher D. Golden
Bapu Vaitla, Harvard University
Nathaniel D. Mueller
Alan D. Dangour
Peter Huybers
Annual Review of Public Health

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