Wild and managed pollinators are essential to both food production and natural ecosystems; however, their populations are threatened by multiple stressors including habitat loss and pesticide use.Several models have recently been developed to identify regions where conservation practices can provide the greatest benefit to pollinator populations (wild bees, honey bees, and the Eastern population of the monarch butterfly) and the ecosystem services they provide. These models incorporate habitat quality, but they do not yet take into account patterns of pesticide use in the landscape, despite the availability of relevant data from several state and federal agencies. We will synthesize existing public data sets on pesticide use, pesticide toxicity, and land use to generate several novel indices that reflect spatial and temporal patterns of aggregated pesticide use and potential toxicity to pollinators. We will combine these toxicity-adjusted pesticide use indices with existing landscape data on pollinator habitat and demand for pollination services to identify potential ‘hotspots’ of exposure in agro-ecosystems. Finally, our group will incorporate our novel indices into existing models to guide the selection of sites for conservation efforts for wild bees, honey bees,and the monarch butterfly.
|Resource Title||Brief Summary|
|Pesticides and pollinators: A socioecological synthesis||
Feb 06, 2019
Article published in Science of the Total Environment.
|County-level analysis reveals a rapidly shifting landscape of insecticide hazard to honey bees (Apis mellifera) on U.S. farmland||
Jan 21, 2020
Article published in Scientific Reports.
|Sowing Uncertainty: What We Do and Don’t Know about the Planting of Pesticide-Treated Seed||
Mar 18, 2020
Article published in BioScience.