Risk Perception of Political Leadership toward Climate Change Risk: Applied with the Theory of Planned Behavior
Virtual seminar presented by Dr. Yoon Ah Shin
Abstract: As the whole world has faced unprecedented crises including the current COVID-19 crisis, mitigation of climate change risk has been strongly urged. A global community has failed to make distinctive progress to establish a global collective action to mitigate climate change risk. Reflected in the Paris Agreement, a voluntary agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), political leadership plays a central role in policy designs, adoptions, and implementations. This research aims to investigate dynamics of institutional factors that affect political leadership’s risk perception and concrete policy action for climate change risk. This research addresses the following question: To what extent do institutional factors play a critical role in shaping the risk perception of political leadership, in turn, to drive policy adoption? The risk perception of political leadership toward climate change is substantially influenced by international political norms, national industrial interests, and citizens’ opinions for climate change risk. I have developed a complex dynamic simulation model to analyze individual and interactive effects of these multiple institutional factors on the risk perception and policy behavior of political leadership. This understanding ultimately provides the practical policy guidance of how to promote the political leadership to take proactive policy actions for the future.
Bio: Dr. Yoon Ah Shin finished her PhD program at the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs (GSPIA) of the University of Pittsburgh. Currently, she has joined SESYNC as a postdoctoral fellow. Her research integrates social and environmental perspectives to evaluate dynamic interactions between social and environmental systems. Based on the holistic view of a social-environmental coupled system, her focus is on designing and developing policies to mitigate climate change risk, which would ultimately result in collective action mobilized by political and industrial leaderships and citizens.
Dissecting the Decision-Making Processes Behind Green Infrastructure Siting
Virtual seminar presented by Dr. Fushcia-Ann Hoover
Abstract: Green infrastructure (GI) has become a panacea for cities working to reach sustainability and resilience goals, appearing across the urban to sub-urban gradient. While the rationale for GI has primarily focused on a multitude of benefits (e.g., ecosystem services), uncertainties remain around when GI delivers these services, to what extent, and for whom. Additionally, many have begun to recognize potential disservices of GI, including the continued shifting of urban hazards onto marginalized communities, and relatedly, green gentrification, whereby the added value of GI leads to community displacement. Building on a novel dataset of 120 documents across 20 cities in the U.S., we analyze the extent to which the dominate GI siting criteria reflects implementation processes in the broader context of the theory and application of urban planning. First we explore how urban GI planning processes interact with, mitigate, or exacerbate existing injustices, reviewing literature on green gentrification, urban planning, and critical race theory in geography, paying particular attention to the dynamic ways cities have organized around race and racism. Second, we explore the dichotomous relationship between stated economic based decision-making criteria from the dataset (such as profit-driven development or cost-sharing), and language that centers equitable decision-making and prioritizes environmental justice communities and residents. We conclude with recommendations for developing GI planning criteria rooted instead in just and sustainable processes.
Bio: Dr. Fushcia-Ann Hoover is a social-ecological urban hydrologist focused on exploring the intersections of urban stormwater hydrology, green stormwater infrastructure (GSI) and ecosystem services informed by environmental justice theory. At SESYNC, she examines ways of incorporating equity into stormwater management planning and GSI for U.S. cities by framing her analysis within environmental justice and Black geography theories. Her current project analyzes the language and methods that city policies and plans use to place and evaluate GSI. Her mentor is Dr. Sara Meerow at Arizona State University. She earned her master's and PhD from the Interdisciplinary Ecological Sciences and Engineering program in the Agricultural and Biological Engineering Department at Purdue University, and holds an undergraduate degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of St. Thomas, MN.