Development, environmental degradation, and disease spread in the Brazilian Amazon

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Nov 15, 2019
Author: 
Marcia Castro , Andres Baeza, Cláudia Torres Codeço, Zulma Cucunubá, Ana Paula Dal’Asta, Giulio De Leo, Andrew P. Dobson,Gabriel Carrasco-Escobar, Raquel Martins Lana, Rachel Lowe, Antonio Miguel Vieira Monteiro, Mercedes Pascual, Mauricio Santos-Vega

 

Abstract

The Amazon is Brazil’s greatest natural resource and invaluable to the rest of the world as a buffer against climate change. The recent election of Brazil’s president brought disputes over development plans for the region back into the spotlight. Historically, the development model for the Amazon has focused on exploitation of natural resources, resulting in environmental degradation, particularly deforestation. Although considerable attention has focused on the long-term global cost of “losing the Amazon,” too little attention has focused on the emergence and reemergence of vector-borne diseases that directly impact the local population, with spillover effects to other neighboring areas. We discuss the impact of Amazon development models on human health, with a focus on vector-borne disease risk. We outline policy actions that could mitigate these negative impacts while creating opportunities for environmentally sensitive economic activities.

Read the article in PLOS Biology.

Associated SESYNC Researcher(s): 
DOI for citing: 
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3000526
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