Cities in the United States are increasingly aware of challenges to the long-term sustainability of their water supplies from competing demands, increasing environmental flow requirements, and climate change. Planning for sustainable water management challenges the status quo, and many barriers to implementation exist. However, understanding how and why water management has transitioned in the past can help decision makers plan and recognize opportunities for more sustainable future management.
Although returning quickly to normal after a socio-environmental surprise such as a large flood or drought that has caused devastation to the community and the environment is an understandable reaction, such a reaction could have a negative impact on socio-environmental resilience. Moreover, although systems always learn and change as a result of a surprise, the amount of adaptive learning that occurs could depend upon how many surprises a community has experienced.
Although wildlife provide numerous benefits to humans, they also threaten human safety and livelihoods. These threats encourage wildlife poaching, which contributes to global wildlife declines. Unfortunately, the complex causal and dynamic relationships between social and environmental systems that underlie these “human–wildlife conflicts” (HWC) are poorly understood; policies that improve human well-being and advance wildlife conservation are deficient.
The National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC) organizes the Annapolis Café Scientifique—a place where, for the price of a cup of coffee or a glass of wine, anyone can come to explore the latest ideas in science and technology.
There is never a cover charge for Café Scientifique!
Common leopard camera trapped in Chitwan, Nepal. Photo courtesy Neil Carter.
A leopard may not be able to change its spots, but new research from a World Heritage site in Nepal indicates that leopards do change their activity patterns in response to tigers and humans—but in different ways.
The Federal Resource Management and Ecosystem Services Guidebook provides a consistent approach for federal resource managers to account for benefits provided by nature in management decisions.
The guidebook includes:
Leopard population declines largely occur in areas where leopards and people frequently interact. Research on how leopards respond to human presence and competitors, like other predators, can provide important insights on leopard ecology and conservation in human-dominated regions; however, such research is lacking.
Annapolis, Maryland — The effort to protect threatened and endangered species calls for deep pockets. In 2013 alone, U.S. federal and state governments spent more than $1.7 billion toward the conservation of species at risk, according to a report from the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.