The rapid acceleration of 21st century science has revealed that nature is rife with complexity, but the gap between science practice and science education is widening.
Heat wave-related mortality is higher than that of all other disasters combined. With climate change, heat waves are an increasing threat to health. This presentation will explore two facets of this situation. Drawing from in-depth qualitative research in Detroit, New York City, Philadelphia, and Phoenix, I explore why vulnerable populations and local governments have difficulty responding to this increased risk. Second, I present a new approach to addressing heat risk for vulnerable populations—individual biosensors.
The U.S. Endangered Species Act requires not only protection of all listed threatened and endangered species, but also recovery of species so that they are no longer at risk of extinction. Determining when species are recovered has proven to be difficult, in part because we do not know how to systematically measure the effects of the various factors that contribute to extinction risk. As a result, it is difficult to determine how much of those factors must be alleviated for species recovery.
Change is constant for Pastoral Social Ecological Systems (PSES), which have had to respond to social environmental change over the millennia. Livestock domestication, provision of 10% of the planet's meat, and the use of 20% of Earth's land exemplify the scope and scale of PSES responses.
Novel ecosystems - where biotic and/or abiotic changes have led to systems that have no analog in the present or past - are a worldwide phenomenon. Myriad interacting environmental changes and thresholds to restoration prevent return to some historical state. What should restoration ecologists do when confronted by such systems? One answer may be to restore function to degraded systems.
Reduced diversity of populations can have far-reaching consequences for ecosystem functioning and resilience when it results in lost capacity for individuals to adapt or acclimate to changing environmental conditions. Such losses are of concern for species such as the submersed aquatic plant species Vallisneria americana that have experienced large declines due to anthropogenic factors.
Sustainability, social media, and women are a unique combination. How do people network around concepts of sustainability, and what is the role of social media and social networks in particular? The Global Women Scholars Research Network uses the platform of the Commission for Sustainable Development, Rio+20 to look at how women network around a science issue, particularly sustainability and climate change.
Redefining our Relationship to Nature: Alternative Environmental Metaphors and Socio-environmental Synthesis
Our approach to conservation—and to nature—is shaped in part by our metaphors. In this presentation, I examine alternative ways of conceptualizing invasive species (e.g., “invasional meltdown” versus “novel ecosystems”) and evaluate their implications for socio-environmental synthesis and, more broadly, for our relationship with nature.
Overfishing, the leading social-ecological problem in the marine realm, has modified ecosystem functioning and is jeopardizing the well-being of the billion people that depend on seafood as their primary source of protein. Over the past decade, fisher learning exchanges, in which representatives from different fisher communities are brought together to share knowledge, have become key tools in improving fisheries management.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS), the International Council for Science (ICSU) and the international program dedicated to biodiversity sciences, DIVERSITAS and the National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC) sponsored a work shop in Annapolis, Maryland, USA from 31 January to 2 February 2012 with the purpose of exploring the program of work of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity a