Brazil Forest Restoration for Ecosystems Services

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Award Year: 
2015
Principal Investigator: 
Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues, University of São Paulo
André Gustavo Nave, University of São Paulo
Solange Filoso, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science
Associated Program: 

Deforestation of tropical forests is considered a global environmental problem, as extensive areas of this natural landscape in tropical countries have been transformed into agriculture or urban development. In Brazil, deforestation has degraded, damaged, or destroyed 88% of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, causing not only a great loss of biodiversity, but also a decrease in the production of forest goods and delivery of important ecosystem services such as freshwater provision.

With about 70% of the Brazilian population of 200 million people living within the Atlantic Forest and nearly 80% of Brazil’s gross domestic product coming from the region, a group formed by non-profit organizations, government agencies, research institutions, and the private sector in Brazil saw a unique opportunity to implement large-scale forest restoration in a developing country of the tropics as an economically viable practice. Accordingly, an unprecedented forest restoration initiative was launched in the country a few years ago with the goal of restoring 15 million hectares (ha) of Atlantic Forest by 2050, using native species. The purpose of the initiative was to reverse the loss of biodiversity and assist in the recovery of ecosystem services while providing economic rewards to landowners and benefits to society.

To assess restoration success, the project was accompanied by a monitoring program designed to evaluate the restored forests in terms of stability, adaptive evolution, and self-perpetuating capacity. Using data of the reforested areas, including more than 3,500 ha of restored Atlantic Forest, the objectives of this project at SESYNC are to:

  1. Synthesize, analyze, and evaluate floristic data collected in order to determine the state of science regarding restoration of tropical forests and identify critical knowledge gaps that need to be filled in future research.
  2. Synthesize and analyze an extensive dataset of monitoring restoration projects (ecological) to set reference values for ecological restoration efforts.
  3. Develop a collaborative research proposal with scientists from the University of Sao Paulo/ESALQ, IUCN, University of Maryland College Park, and University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science in order to extend the monitoring program and assess the success of the forest restoration project in Brazil in terms of supporting ecosystem functioning and the continual delivery of important ecosystem services such as water provisioning and purification.

The results of this research will be used to help guide public policies in Brazil and other developing countries, especially in the tropics.

We expect to create, in the near future, a synthesis center in Brazil modeled after SESYNC to promote socio-environmental research in the country. We hope that the Brazilian center will help expand the partnership among SESYNC, University of Sao Paulo/ESALQ, IUCN, University of Maryland College Park, and University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science initiated with this project beyond its duration.

Participants: 
Cristina Adams, University of São Paulo
Maíra Bezerra, University of Maryland, SESYNC
Maria Isabel Braga, private consultant
Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion, University of São Paulo
Miguel Calmon, IUCN
Robin Chazdon, University of Connecticut
Miguel Cooper, University of São Paulo
Carlos Alberto de Mattos Scaramuzza, Brazilian Ministry of the Environment
Helena de Queiroz Carrascosa Von Glehn, Environmental Agency of the State of São Paulo
Paolo D'Odorico, University of Virginia
Devanir Garcia dos Santos, National Water Agency
Sílvio Ferraz, University of São Paulo
Silvio Frosini de Barros Ferraz, University of São Paulo
Todd Gartner, World Resources Institute
Daniel Giménez, Rutgers University
Margaret Holland, University of Maryland Baltimore County
Chetan Kumar, IUCN
Agnieszka Latawiec, International Institute for Sustainability
William McDowell, University of New Hampshire
Camila Ortolan Oliveira, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Margaret Palmer, SESYNC
Bernardo Baeta Neves Strassburg, International Institute for Sustainability
Tara Troy, Lehigh University
Raul Valle, IUCN
Lisa Wainger, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science
Associated SESYNC Researcher(s): 

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